To buy a house in Italy, foreigners have to fulfill these conditions:
When you decide to buy a house in Italy (or if you want to buy it from abroad) you have to provide an acquisition proposal after having chosen the building.
The acquisition proposal is a firm offer containing the main terms of the transaction between buyer and seller.
I refer in particular to the following aspects:
The seller may accept or deny the offer as appropriate.
Once the acquisition proposal is accepted, the next step is the preliminary purchase agreement.
It is a preliminary agreement in advance to the purchase with which the buyer make a formal commitment.
Indeed, the payment of an earnest is usually provided for in the contract. The amount may range between 10% and 30% of the property value.
The preliminary agreement shall be in writing. It shall contain the conditions established by the parties in the acquisition proposal. It is intended to require all the parties to transfer the ownership of the building at a certain point. Anyway, there is no obligation to purchase.
The final purchase contract is the final deed. It is a deed outlined in front of a notary who will proceed transcribing it after reading it and inviting the parties to sign it.
The notary – as a public official - is required to transfer all the information on the purchase to the official body of the competent State and the county recorder's office to register it.
The Italian final deed needs to be followed by a certified translation in line with the Italian text provided by an official translator. It could be the notary as well if he knows the foreign language – unless the foreigner buyers declare to fully understand and read the Italian language.
In order to determine the VAT rate to be paid, it should be noted that the sale of residential properties (not having the characteristics of luxury homes) carried out by the construction companies are subject to VAT rates at 10%.
The foreigners buying a building in Italy have to know that they must pay the property taxes in addition to the indirect taxes.
These are taxes due solely on the fact that the owner of a right in rem to the dwelling is entitled to them.
The Law 147/2013 has merged all the indirect taxes originally planned for the house under a single item IUC (single municipal tax). This tax includes three taxes: the IMU, the TASI, and the TARI.
The IUC declaration must be submitted within June 30th of the year following the date on which the ownership/detention of the building begins. Of course, you will need the help of an experienced accountant to manage these aspects.
At this point in the article, you may be thinking that there are many taxes to pay. However, it is possible in some case to reduce these taxations. If you are willing to buy a house in Italy – and it is your first house, not to be confused with the term “main house” -, you can access a series of tax benefits. Those benefits may reduce the indirect taxes amount to be paid when you buy a building.Eligible foreign buyers can enjoy first-home taxation benefits.
To receive the first-home taxation benefits, the purchase must concern a property that:
In addition to the property's features, the buyer:
Foreign citizens and emigrants abroad will be able to take advantage of the first-home benefits. It should be specified that taxpayers who do not have Italian citizenship can buy a property taking advantage of the first home benefits if the requirements are met.
For a more accurate estimate that takes into account all of the factors